Your Personal Injury Lawyers
Call 1-888-404-5167
Preszler Injury Lawyers

What is a Brachial Plexus Injury?

A brachial plexus injury is a nerve injury affecting the shoulder, arm and/or hand. The injury is a result of a stretching and/or tearing of the network of nerves that send signals to this area of the body.

A brachial plexus injury can occur as the result of a car accident or sports injury. This injury also is commonly labeled as one of several possible types of birth injuries or birth traumas in cases affecting newborn babies.

Brachial Plexus Injury in Children and Adults

A child or adult patient typically suffers a brachial plexus injury because of trauma incurred during an accident or physical activity.

Such an injury may be the result of:

  • a sports injury (such as soccer, hockey or football);
  • motor vehicle accident, including snowmobile and motorcycle accidents;
  • bicycle crashes;
  • slip or trip and falls; and
  • more.

Some injuries manifest as the result of inflammation of the nerves or compression of the affected area (such as what can occur with the growth of a tumor).

Typical signs and symptoms of a brachial plexus injury include:

  • pain;
  • muscular weakness;
  • difficultly moving the affected arm, shoulder or hand;
  • loss of feeling or sensation in the affected limb; and
  • difficulty moving the affected body parts.

Seek help from a medical professional if you experience any symptoms of brachial plexus injury after having been involved in an accident or similar trauma.

Brachial Plexus Injury as a Form of Birth Trauma

Brachial plexus palsy is among the common types of birth injury. This injury typically occurs during a difficult labor or delivery when a baby’s shoulders press on the mother’s pelvis, a condition known as shoulder dystocia. This might be the case if the baby is large and/or the mother’s pelvis is small. The injury might also occur, for example, as a result of the delivering doctor having asserted too much force. The trauma on the shoulder area causes a rupture or tearing of the nerves.

Two types of brachial plexus injury are:

  • Erb’s palsy (injury to the upper branch of nerves, affecting the shoulder and elbow); and
  • Klumpke’s palsy (injury to the lower branch of nerves, affecting the wrist and hand).

Your child’s prognosis depends on the degree of injury and the use of early intervention and treatment.

Complications of a Brachial Plexus Injury

According to the Mayo Clinic, many brachial plexus injuries resolve with time and sufficient treatment.

However, long-term effects of injury may include:

  • chronic pain;
  • neuropathic pain;
  • loss of muscle mass in the affected arm and shoulder;
  • permanent loss of sensation;
  • chronic stiffness in the joints; and
  • disability.

The long-term implications of a brachial plexus injury vary with the nature of the injury. For instance, an avulsion injury (detachment of nerve from spinal cord) signifies a significant level of injury from which the nerve cannot recover. On the other hand, neuropraxia (such as minor compression of the nerve) indicates a less severe degree of injury from which a nerve may be expected to heal.

Specialized medical treatment may be required to treat brachial plexus injury in an infant, child or adult. Learn about your options for financial recovery by scheduling a free case consultation with a lawyer at the Preszler Injury Lawyers. Call us at 1-800-JUSTICE®.

Call us now at

151 Eglinton Ave W,
Toronto, ON
M4R 1A6
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
4145 N Service Rd
Burlington, ON
L7L 4X6
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
2 County Ct Blvd #400,
Brampton, ON
L6W 3W8
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
105 Consumers Drive
Whitby, ON
L1N 1C4
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
92 Caplan Ave #121,
Barrie, ON
L4N 0Z7
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
380 Wellington St Tower B, 6th Floor,
London, ON
N6A 5B5
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
2233 Argentia Rd Suite 302,
East Tower Mississauga, ON
L5N 6A6
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
1 Hunter St E,
Hamilton, ON
L8N 3W1
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
459 George St N,
Peterborough, ON
K9H 3R9
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
22 Frederick Street,
Suite 700
Kitchener, ON N2H 6M6
Fax: 1-855-364-7027
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
116 Lisgar Street, Suite 300
Ottawa ON
K2P 0C2
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
10 Milner Business Ct #300,
Scarborough, ON
M1B 3C6
Toll Free: 1-888-608-2111
*consultation offices

DISCLAIMER: Please be advised that the header image and other images throughout this website may include both lawyer and non-lawyer/paralegal employees of Preszler Injury Lawyers and DPJP Professional Corporation and unrelated third parties. Our spokesperson John Fraser, or any other non-lawyer/paralegals in our marketing is not to be construed in any way as misleading to the public. Our marketing efforts are not intended to suggest qualitative superiority to other lawyers, paralegals or law firms in any way. Any questions regarding the usage of non-lawyers in our legal marketing or otherwise can be directed to our management team. Please also note that past results are not indicative of future results and that each case is unique and that case results listed on site are from experiences across Canada and are not specific to any province. Please be advised that some of the content on this website may be out of date. None of the content is intended to act as legal advice as each situation is independent and unique and requires individual legal advice from a licensed lawyer or paralegal. For legal advice on your individual situation – we can provide legal guidance after you have contacted our firm and we have established a lawyer-client relationship contractually. Maximum contingency fee charged is 33%. Finally, our usage of awards and logos for awards does not suggest qualitative superiority to other lawyers, paralegals or law firms. All awards received from third party organizations have been done so through their own reasonable evaluative process and do not include any payment for these awards except for the use of the award logos for our marketing assets. We are also proud to service additional provinces like Alberta, British Columbia and Nova Scotia.